What kind of role play movement cultures in the construction and staging of national and transnational communities? Current processes of globalisation and migration raise questions regarding the interaction of different cultures, the characteristics of cultural transfers and cultural identities. Newly emerged transnational communities create traditions and identities blending the characteristics of different cultures but also elements of high and popular culture, oral and mass media culture. The TAL analyses their correlation from a cross-cultural comparative point of view.
Many contemporary societies use folklore as an instrument to redefine national, cultural and social fundaments and identities. Sub areas in this context are urban and religious folklore, workers’ folklore, national folklore and TV productions. Dealing with one’s own symbolic inheritance triggers the need for answers to questions concerning social cohesion, social reforms and political structuring.
At the same time folklore can be integrated in projections of national, ethnic and transnational identity models ranging from the creation of communities with a desire for cultural authenticity to the articulation of experiences in the context of globalisation. The observation and recreation of traditions are an integral part of historical as well as current modernisation processes and are linked to central issues of the avant-garde.
The TAL’s project Folklore als Avantgarde(folklore as avant-garde) unites choreographers, film makers and scientists from all over Europe. Archive work and art commentary facilitate a new insight into the relation of movement and community in the 20th and 21st Centuries.